What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease? – ClinicalPosters
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevalence

You Need To Breathe

COPD Awareness Month

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in America today. Half of the estimated 24 million who have it don’t even know it. COPD perma­nently damages the airways and air sacs in the lungs.

COPD is a general term that describes progres­sive respira­tory diseases like emphy­sema and chronic bronchitis. It manifests as progres­sively decreasing airflow, as well as inflam­mation of airway tissues. Asthma is usually considered a separate respira­tory disease, but sometimes it is mistaken for COPD. The two have over­lapping symptoms that include chronic coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.

The main cause of COPD in developed countries is tobacco smoking. COPD comes on gradu­ally and worsens over the years. People get so used to living with COPD, they are not always aware of their symptoms and how the disease limits their quality of life and ability to do things. You can help by looking and listening for these telltale signs:

  • Constant coughing, sometimes called “smoker’s cough”
  • Shortness of breath while doing everyday activities
  • Excess sputum
  • Feeling unable to breathe
  • Not able to take a deep breath
  • Wheezing
  • Red lunula

As soon as you notice signs and symptoms, make an appoint­ment with a health care provider. If you notice such symptoms in a loved one, remind them that the sooner COPD is diagnosed, the better they will be able to breathe and live. To lessen anxiety, offer to go along to the doctor’s visit.

November is COPD Awareness Month. Most of this article informa­tion is provided by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Visit COPD.nhlbi.nih.gov for informa­tion, tools and other informa­tive resources to stay A Bit More Healthy.

Read more now, view references, and receive monthly summary of articles within A Bit More Healthy news­letter via email.

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