PSYCH REVIEW

Living With Pain Relievers is Not Entirely Pain‑Free

Do you find yourself dependent upon pain relievers to perform daily tasks?

Pain Reliever Dependency

A specific cause can generally be identified for acute pain that begins suddenly. This can be the result of a fall, assault, sports injury or surgery. In such cases, opioid pain relievers may be prescribed until the injury heals or pain subsides.

Chronic pain, with or without an identifiable origin, lasts at least 3 to 12 months, depending upon the medical institu­tion. Untreated chronic pain may lead to danger­ous physical and emotional consequences. Long-term over-the-counter NSAIDs can cause stomach, liver and/or kidney damage. Long-term opioid use is associated with even more physical harm.

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Kevin Williams is a health advocate, artist, pro­gram­mer, and writer of hundreds of articles for multiple web­sites. He has 17 years experi­ence as a Neutrogena Research and Scientific Affairs graphics con­sul­tant.

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