MD REVIEW

Normal Amount of Testosterone

You have both testosterone and estrogen to some degree.

Everyone Has Testosterone

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Males produce testosterone with a little estrogen. Female ratio for production of these two hor­mones is the opposite. So everyone should have a similar cumulative amount of testos­terone and estrogen based on their age. How do you know if you have too much or too little of either of these two hormones?

Male Testosterone

Most of the testosterone in men is made by the testes. Much lower levels are produced in the adrenal glands. Testos­terone is associated with male sexual per­for­mance, muscle mass, and bra­vado. This is not so much wrong as it is incomplete. In men, testos­terone regulates sex drive (libido), bone mass, fat distribution, muscle mass, strength, red blood cell produc­tion, and sperm count. The jury is still out on bravado, with one study suggesting such is based on estrogen level.

Physical Symptoms of Low Testosterone

  1. Decreased libido
  2. Weak, fragile bones
  3. Increased body fat
  4. Decreased muscle mass
  5. Hot flashes
  6. Fatigue
  7. Thinning hair
  8. Cholesterol imbalance

Testosterone therapy is recommended for hypogonadal men to correct symptoms of testos­terone deficiency. A testosterone-supplement study was funded by the NIA and published in the July 8, 2010 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine. Cardiac event risk on men with poor mobility was high enough to halt the study. Twenty three of 106 men receiving topical testos­terone gel on their arms and torso experienced cardiovascular-related events, compared to five out of 103 men receiving placebo.

Testosterone is not the wonder drug some hoped it would be. This is why testosterone manufacturers voluntarily stopped direct-to-consumer advertisements in 2014.

Male testosterone levels peak around the age of 18 before leveling off. It holds steady until about age 30 before slight annual declines. Though there is wide variance in what is considered normal, by age 60, testos­terone levels can be about the same as at age 13 or 19.

Male Testosterone Levels
AgeT Level (ng/dL)
0 – 5 months75 – 400
6 months – 9 years<7 – 20
10 – 11 years<7 – 130
12 – 13 years<7 – 800
14 years<7 – 1200
15 – 16 years100 – 1200
17 – 18 years300 – 1200
19+ years240 – 950
Avg. Adult Male270 – 1070
30+ years-1% per annum
A balance of hormones is responsible for physical differences in men and women.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved testos­terone enanthate (Xyosted, Antares Pharma) subcu­ta­neous injec­tion for testos­terone replace­ment therapy in men diagnosed with condi­tions associated with a deficiency or absence of endogenous testosterone.

Do Erection-Enhancing Drugs Increase Testosterone?

How Much Testosterone is Normal For Your Age?

The enzyme nitric oxide synthetase (NOS) must be present in ample amounts for erection enhancers to work. Men with low testos­terone levels have low NOS levels. This is why some erections do not improve after using sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis) or vardenafil (Levitra). With normalizing testos­terone treatment, erections resume or enhance with the use of either sildenafil, tadalafil, or vardenafil.

Erectile dysfunction can be, not just a symptom, but a manifes­ta­tion of coronary artery disease. Because the penile arteries are about half the size of the coronary arteries in the heart, erectile dys­func­tion is a powerful predictor of cardiac events such as sudden death.

Male Estrogen

Male estrogen levels increase as testos­terone decreases. Very high male estrogen levels contribute to prostate cancer, heart disease, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).

As the testos­terone trans­forms into estrogen, low testos­terone levels can reduce muscle mass, decrease libido with erectile dysfunction (ED), and cause fatigue. Excessive estrogen in men also raises body fat, contributing to high lipids and diabetes. Clinical studies do not support the notion that soy feminizes men.

Female Testosterone

Women also make testosterone in their adrenal glands, and in their ovaries. Women need small amounts of testos­terone. It contributes to other hor­mones that regulate mood, energy levels, sex drive, and bodily functions like bone health and pain management. Testosterone amounts are so low that self-dosing with supplements is not advised. This can worsen the effects you are attempting to correct.

Female bodybuilders often take supple­ments to increase general muscle mass. The low body fat ratio combined with an increase in testoste­rone and reduction in estrogen results in the loss of breast tissue since breasts are composed mostly of fatty tissues. Once a woman gets below 12% body fat, there is a high probability that her breast size will significantly decrease. In response, these women often receive breast implants to feminize their form.

Female testosterone levels peak around the age of 18 at only 2% of male levels. After a slight decline by age 19, the level remains somewhat consistent throughout adulthood.

Female Testosterone Levels
AgeT Level (ng/dL)
0 – 5 months20 – 80
6 months – 9 years<7 – 20
10 – 11 years<7 – 44
12 – 16 years<7 – 75
17 – 18 years20 – 75
19+ years8 – 60
Avg. Adult Female15 – 70
Low amounts of testosterone enhance female libido while higher estrogen ratio is responsible for feminine form and function.

Female Estrogen

Estrogen enhances female characteristics by growing breast tissue, lubricating genitalia, and maintaining blood flow to the vagina. It causes the uterine lining to thicken during menstruation in preparation for pregnancy.

Estrogen aids protein synthesis and increases hepatic production of binding proteins and coagulation proteins. Women’s mental health is affected by estrogen levels. An estrogen deficiency is found among women with atherosclerosis and heart disease.

Testosterone Nutritional Supplements

Boosting testosterone with natural food nutrition is the safest course. This includes foods with vitamin D such as tuna, egg yolks, fortified milk and cereals. Foods with zinc, like oysters and shell­fish, can also regulate testos­terone. Beans are good sources of both vitamin D and zinc. With a caution about over­consumption, beef can boost testos­terone.

The abundance of available testos­terone supplements can make self-diagnosis and treatment appealing. However, hormone imbalance is best left to medical professionals. Talk to an endo­crinolo­gist or urologist if you have questions about your hormone levels to remain healthy.

To support the writing of useful articles about nutrition, ClinicalPosters sells human anatomy posters, scientific posters and other products online. Slide extra posters into DeuPair Frames without removing from the wall or leave an encourag­ing comment to keep the work going. Audio may include sound effects or intention­ally omit details.

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