Limits of Cosmetic and Facial Reconstruction

Though there are many examples of overdone cosmetic surgery, it is generally undertaken to make someone appear more youthful or attractive. This differs from reconstructive surgery that has the goal of correcting anatomical irregularities.

Separating conjoined twins (when practical) or removing extra appendages are not considered cosmetic. This is often deemed medically necessary. Disfiguring violent acts such as animal bites, acid or heat burns require a series reconstructive surgeries. What outcomes can be expected?

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