Facts Versus Myths About Diabetes

With Type 1 diabetes (T1DM), the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The primary cause for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is insulin resistance or ineffective utilization.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes symptoms can develop slowly. Some people have Type 2 diabetes for years and don’t know it. Symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst and frequent urination. You may drink and urinate more than usual as a result of excess sugar building up in your bloodstream, causing fluid to be pulled from the tissues.
  • Increased hunger. Without enough insulin to move sugar into your cells, your muscles and organs become depleted of energy. This triggers intense hunger.
  • Weight loss. Despite eating more than usual to relieve hunger, you may lose weight. Without the ability to metabolize glucose, the body uses alternative fuels stored in muscle and fat. Calories are lost as excess glucose is released in the urine.
  • Fatigue. When cells are deprived of sugar, you may become tired and irritable.
  • Blurred vision. If your blood sugar is too high, fluid may be pulled from the lenses of your eyes. This may affect your ability to focus clearly.
  • Slow-healing sores or frequent infections. Type 2 diabetes affects your ability to heal and resist infections.
  • Areas of darkened skin. Some people with Type 2 diabetes have patches of dark, velvety skin in the folds and creases of their bodies—usually in the armpits and neck. This condition, called acanthosis nigricans, may be a sign of insulin resistance.

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August 06, 2018 by Kevin Williams

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