Welcome To A Migraine Symphony

 Gustavo Dudamel LA Phil

Intensified senses deliver heightened performance.

HEALTH Patient Story: I am still feeling the effects of being inundated with migraines last week. To most people this means a bad headache of some kind. You might imagine the classic sharp piercing sensation on one side of the head. [1] However, the description varies from one patient to the next. How does a migraine feel? To get an answer, you're invited to this orchestration identified by some neurologists and otolaryngologists as vertiginous or transformed migraine. Shhh. It's about to begin.

Conductor Taps Baton

All euphonic compositions have a beginning. Tapping on the podium and then with the grip of the baton nestled between the thumb and first two fingers, the conductor pauses after raising his hands. The mute orchestra is transfixed as the musicians await his slightest movement. Here's how this migraine symphony commences.

I awaken later than usual feeling unrested with the sensation of a heavy head. Pressure is increasing somewhere beyond the depths of a squinting eye, while the open eye attempts to distinguish blurry digits on the clock. The shallow notion of rotating my face to the other side on my pillow to alleviate the discomfort becomes an unpleasant score. Rating 6 out of a possible 10 on a pain scale, my migraine has not yet peaked but it is definitely uncomfortable. This is my aura — a foreboding that an orchestra of the unpleasant variety has assembled. Almost 80% of migraine patients have no aura. My most optimistic hope is that I will feel well enough to attend an engagement of a different kind much later in the evening.

Migraineurs must read the baton gestures correctly so as not to get caught in a complex arrangement like traffic or in bright, loud public places when the full-blown symptoms play out. Don't let someone force your hand with pleas that they need you if you realize you will soon become incapacitated. Cancel appointments for the day.

A Brief Interlude

 Feverfew

Staggering to the kitchen, I forage for any remedies available in a futile attempt to prevent the inevitable. Most medications are best taken daily as a preemptive measure. That's something I avoid because of the relative infrequency of my attacks. Once the cacophony begins, most natural and some pharmaceutical options are inconsequential. It's like requesting a concert ticket refund when you're already seated.

Should I try a Feverfew capsule or a prescription? With restraint, I choose the herbal option. A swallow of water concludes my breakfast since I cannot think of food, let alone prepare anything. In professional concert halls, food and drink are not allowed.

The First Performance

Meandering down the hallway with apparent disequilibrium, I compose my sanctuary. Shades are drawn tightly before burying myself beneath all the soft pillows I can gather. Now the sense of hearing is heightened. Otolaryngologists call this hyperacusis. I am reminded of how Gustavo Dudamel demonstrated the superior acoustics of the Walt Disney Concert Hall by having an LA Philharmonic percussionist softly drag his finger across a drum as part of the spectacular orchestral arrangement.

My wife rubbing lotion on her arms become soft violins in the strings section. There's the abrupt baritone of a clearing throat in the brass section. Sliding clothes hangers are a crescendo of bells and clashing symbols. The periodic woodwind of pressure squishing deep within my tympanic cavity completes the symphony. A soft peck on the cheek with no verbal, "Goodbye" is the preferred decrescendo for my wife's morning departure as I slip back into slumber.

The Second Performance

When my eyes reopen, it is past noon. The pain has reached level 8 during this intermission. The ringing in my ear suggests that the orchestra played at full volume while striking me in the head with their instruments. My ability to concentrate or articulate has dropped to nearly 30 percent and that left eye is still closed. Photophobia describes light sensitivity. A trip to the restroom coincides with a hunt for prescription pills. Optimistic of relief with stronger meds in my system, I slide beneath the covers as the conductor raises his baton for the next performance.

The Third Performance

It's mid-afternoon before I awaken again. Nausea has joined my migraine for a double concerto. I prepare some ginger tea to sip while checking Twitter updates. Hopefully there are no tweets requiring complete thoughts. I'm off to sleep again.

 Dudamel

The Final Performance

By 5:18 p.m., with less than two hours left to attend my evening engagement, the hyperacousis and nausea have reached the end of their sheet music. Photophobia is inconsequential as nightfall arrives. There's less intense pressure on the left side of my head (like the residual effects of being smacked in the temple with a trombone).

After a half hour of email responses on a mobile device, I rouse enough strength to shower, shave, get dressed and drive to the meeting with 70 percent lucidity. My presence is beneficial though participation is limited by my discomfort.

Upon my return home, it's too late for dinner. So I head to the refreshment stand for popcorn while catching up on email. At 11:30 p.m. my headache is finally gone. As the symptoms wear off, it is common to evaluate what may have been the trigger or if there was an earlier sign. The prior evening, I recall lowering the volume on my car radio as my ears were more sensitive than usual. Can't do much more thinking now. Even though, I slept all day, my body is exhausted.

The conductor takes his bows along with the various orchestral sections. This was the second show this week. Hopefully there are no encore performances tomorrow, as these headaches have been known to cluster (migrainous neuralgia). Scientists do not know exactly what causes cluster headaches, but they appear to be related to the body's sudden release of histamine or serotonin. [2]

Season Tickets

As mentioned, patients experience different types of migraines. For some, distinct aura symptoms may include one or more of the following: flashes of light, blind spots (scotomas), brief vertigo, numbness, typically felt as tingling in one hand or on your face, difficulty with speech or language or muscle weakness. It may be triggered by a food allergy, sounds, smells, certain medications, emotional stress, environmental toxins or even teeth grinding. Some migraineurs endure nearly constant pain while others experience less frequent episodes averaging once a month or so. Fortunately, mine are infrequent (except for when they cluster).

Migraine Type Typical Characteristics [3]
Migraine with Aura (MWA) Lasting from 10 to 30 minutes, an aura is a series of visual, sensory and cognitive changes that precede a migraine headache.
Migraine Without Aura (MWOA) Lasting from 4 to 72 hours, throbbing or pulsating pain is most often one-sided, and it is generally accompanied by nausea or vomiting.
Hemiplegic Migraine More common in children, symptoms include slurred speech with temporary paralysis on one side of the body, reminiscent of a stroke, prolonged aura, vertigo, or sensation of one's surroundings spinning, muscle incoordination, impaired consciousness, generally accompanied by a headache about 10 to 60 minutes later.
Basilar Migraine Begins with impared speach, loss of balance, double vision, temporary loss of sight, weak muscle control, confusion normally lasting up to 60 minutes accompanied by intense headache at the base of the skull. Caused by dilation of the basilar artery, frequently appears in young women throughout the week leading up to menstruation.
Abdominal Migraine Typical migraine headache signs and symptoms other than the head pain. Rather, the patient experiences abdominal pain.
Ophthalmoplegic Migraine Malfunction of the occulo-motor and abducens nerves results in pain focused around the eyes. Other symptoms include droopy eyelid, bigger pupil, as well as double vision. More common in children.
Status Migrainous May last 72 hours to weeks, often activated by a number of pain medications. Sufferers are frequently hospitalized to help overcome the accompanying nausea and vomiting.
Less common forms of migraine, such as acute confusional migraine of childhood, vertiginous migraine, and nocturnal migraine, remain unclassified by the IHCD-II.

As a recovering caffeine "addict," my treatment of choice is fresh brewed coffee when forcing myself to avoid rest or even during the second performance of an all-day bout. Interestingly, caffeine can be both a trigger and a remedy. An encore that spills into a second day is also an excuse for a cup of black java. When there are three episodes in one week, two cups of coffee is elevated to my first line of defense.

If there is an increase in the frequency or intensity of your typical migraines, talk to your doctor. I have compassion for fellow migraineurs, regardless of the specific type. How do you stay A Bit More Healthy? Let me know in your comments below.

Tags: bruxism, debilitating, painful, neurology, sickness, suffering, teeth clenching

References
  1. Headache. healthcentral.com ^
  2. Cluster headache. PubMed ^
  3. Know The Types of Migraine, Get The Correct Treatment. migrainefit.com ^
  4. 10 Types of Headaches and How to Combat Them. howstuffworks.com ^
  5. Headache: Everything You To Know [infographic]. mountsinai.org ^
  6. Retouched image by Artistic Captures Photography licensed from iStock Photo.


@ClinicalPosters : Tweets: (800) 933-9361 USA : ClinicalPosters.com : Site Map : © KRW 2009-2014